Fly Fishing For Trout – How To

Buying Equipment

Start with a mid-weight fly rod, fly line of the same weight and an inexpensive fly reel. Look for a beginners package with a rod, reel, line and leader. Beginners kits start between $20 – $60. You can buy fly fishing equipment at outdoors stores or specialty fly fishing shops in your area.

Fly Fishing for the First Time? These tips will get you started with information on equipment, basic casting techniques, how to locate trout in a stream, and ways to take care of your favorite fishing spot.

Additional Instruction:

There are many ways to learn more about fly fishing. There are some great fly fishing books and ebooks out there. Check the authors SIG for their web address. Most fly fishing specialty stores offer fly casting clinics or private lessons. Several books, some for beginners, have been written about fly fishing. Outdoor newspapers and magazines regularly contain fishing and casting tips.



Mid-weight fly rod, 5 or 6 weight, with fly line to match



Extra tippet


Glasses or sunglasses for safety – polarized sunglasses will help you see fish Underwater


Box to store flies – Vest or fanny pack for gear – Waders

Nippers or fingernail clippers to cut line

Forceps or hemostat to unhook fish

Landing net

Fly flotant in paste, oil or spray to keep dry flies afloat

Strike indicators

Small split shot to squeeze on leader to sink flies deeper

Basic Fly Casting:

Fly casting takes a lot of practice. But, you can start to learn the basics in a few hours.

Back And Forward Casts Used when there is plenty of room behind you and when you need to move your fly further out onto the water.

#1 Hold the rod out in front of you and make sure there are no tangles or slack in the line.

#2 Bring the rod tip back in a swift, steady motion, stopping when the rod tip is pointing up and behind you.

#3 Watch your back cast and wait until the line unfurls.

#4 Just before the line straightens out entirely, bring the rod forward again.

Safety Wear sunglasses or other eye wear when fly casting so the hook doesn’t accidentally snag your eye. Polarized sunglasses will help you see fish, too. Go with a buddy and wear a life jacket when fly fishing in lakes or streams. Moving water can be especially dangerous, so always be careful when wading.

Roll Cast Used when there is not room behind you to cast.

#1 Hold the rod out in front of you and make sure there are no tangles in the line.

#2 Bring the rod tip back so that a small segment of line hangs loosely behind your casting shoulder.

#3 Move the rod forward gradually; slowly at first, then speeding up steadily.

#4 Stop when the rod tip is still pointing slightly upward, and watch the loop unfurl.

How to Fish With Flies:

As the fly drifts along with the current, twitch the line while pulling it in. This action brings the fly to life and attracts the trout.

Basic Fly Patterns – There are four artificial lures, or flies, that are typically used when fly fishing for trout. Wet Flies, Streamers And Nymphs.

Wet Flies Sink and do not directly imitate an organism.

Streamers Sink and look like minnows or small fish.

Nymphs Sink and represent underwater forms of aquatic insects.

Dry Flies Float and mimic adult aquatic insects.

Your First Flies – Purchase a small selection of flies that represent live organisms on which stream trout feed. The most critical factors in selection are size, color, and shape. As you grow in your knowledge of your local stream, add flies that are more precisely matched to locally abundant food organisms, thereby “matching the hatch”. Many anglers tie their own flies. There are several good instruction books available if you are interested in learning. great baits for fishing

Fishing A Trout Stream:

Approaching Fish – When fishing a stream, cast upstream. This way you can sneak up on the trout, which face upstream. Move slowly and stay low. If a trout sees you, it will dart away.

Surface Fishing – If you see a trout rising to eat insects, cast a dry fly a few feet upstream of where the fish broke the water. This gives the trout a few moments to see your fly as it drifts overhead.

Underwater – If no trout are rising, they are probably feeding underwater on nymphs. Cast a nymph upstream into the fast water and let it drift naturally back toward you. Because it’s hard to see or feel when a trout grabs a nymph, many fly fishers put a small foam bobber, called a strike indicator, on their line. The strike indicator jerks when a trout bites the nymph. Lift the rod to set the hook.

Finding Trout:

Trout swim in cold streams. They feed near fast water. Cast for them below choppy shallow water, called a riffle. Trout rest protected by the current in places called lies, behind a boulder, under a fallen tree, in deep pools or in slow water near a bank, until they spot an insect drifting in the water. Then they can dash into the fast water to grab the food

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